Chinese Machinery Industry
Machinery Industry, as a major portion of industries in China,
is deemed to be the country's largest industrial sector that possesses
basically the full range of categories and a large scale of economy
with its technical standard and complex level in constant improvement.
The Chinese machinery industry is classified into 12 major categories.
They are: automotive industry, electrical equipment manufacturing, heavy-duty
and mining equipment manufacturing, petrochemical and general machinery,
agricultural machinery, construction machinery, internal combustion
engine manufacturing, machine tool and tools industry, instruments and
meters, general machinery basic components, environmental protection
machinery, food-processing and packaging machinery. Within these 12
categories, 271 subordinate industries are vivisected. The whole country
lays out 120,000 machinery enterprises and research institutions, which
involves approximately 20 million employees.
Automotive industry includes heavy-duty trucks, light vehicles, passenger
cars, buses and coaches, transformed vehicles, jeeps, motorcycles, vehicles
for industrial purposes auto parts and components, etc. Presently there
are 3000major enterprises in the whole country.
Electrical equipment industry
Electrical equipment industry is classified as hydro-power equipment,
thermal power equipment, unclear power equipment, wind-power generation
equipment, power transformation and transmission equipment, industrial
boilers, electric motors, lower-voltage apparatus and devices, wires,
cables, electric furnances, welding machines, insulation materials,
electric carbon products, accumulator and storage battery, and special
electric equipment, etc. There are more than 2000 enterprises at present.
Heavy-duty and mining machinery
Heavy-duty and mining machinery industry is divided into metallurgical
equipment, mining equipment, cement fabrication equipment, crane machinery,
transportation equipment, port equipment, loading machinery and water-conservancy
equipment. There are nearly 1000 major enterprises at present.
Petrochemical and general
Petrochemical and general machinery industry includes the equipment
for petroleum & natural gas drilling, extracting, gathering and
transportation, chemical equipment for oil refinery, industrial pumps,
blowers and fans, valves, compressors, air separation equipment, refrigeration
and air-conditioning equipment, gas separation and liquefaction equipment,
vacuum acquisition and application equipment, printing machinery, plastics
processing machinery, cycloid speed reducers, drying equipment and separators,
etc. There are over 800 major enterprises in this industry at present.
Agricultural machinery industry
Agricultural machinery industry is sorted into tractors, cultivation
machinery, plant protection machinery, irrigation and drainage machinery,
agricultural transportation machinery, harvesting machinery, agricultural
by-product processing machinery, forestry machinery, animal husbandry
machinery, forage processing machinery, and fishery machinery, etc.
There are about 4000 such enterprises at present.
Construction machinery industry
Construction machinery industry is divided into excavators, loaders,
bulldozers, scrapers, graders, truck cranes, forklift and industrial
vehicles, piling machinery, road surface compacting machinery, rock-drilling
machinery, and pneumatic tools. There are now more than 500 major enterprises
in this industry.
Internal combustion engine
Internal combustion engine industry covers the area of general purpose
diesel engine, petrol engine and gas engine used in vehicle, construction
and agricultural machinery, motive power machines for marine application
and power generation sets as well as engine parts and components. There
are about 1,100 major enterprises in this field.
Machine tool and tools industry
Machine tool and tools industry is categorized into metal-cutting &
metal forming machine tools, foundry equipment, wood-working machinery,
abrasives and grinding tools, measuring & cutting tools, electric
apparatus for machine tools and machine tool attachments. There are
now over 1000 major enterprises in the whole industry.
Instruments and meters industry
Instruments and meters industry covers the automatic instruments for
industrial control, electric meters and instruments, optical instruments,
analytic instruments, laboratory instruments, meteorological instruments,
maritime instruments, film projectors, cameras and copiers, etc. There
are about 2000 major enterprises in this field.
General machinery basic
General machinery basic components industry includes bearings, hydraulic
components, hydrodynamic components, pneumatic parts, sealing materials,
powder metallurgical components, fasteners, chains, springs and elastics,
dies and moulds. There are now more than 800 major enterprises in the
Environmental protection machinery industry includes the equipment for
air and water pollution control, equipment for solid water disposal
and comprehensive utilization, noise and vibration control devices and
environmental monitoring instruments. There are about 2000 major enterprises
in the whole industry.
Food-processing and packaging
Food-processing and packaging machinery industry includes machinery
for food-processing, packaging, packaging materials, packaging containers
and packaging decorations, etc. There are over 1600 major enterprises
in the whole industry.